Electronic Media Essay
Electronic Literature: What is it?
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Electronic Media Essay
Mass media also helps making information available anywhere in the world. Readers come to digital work with expectations formed by print, including extensive and deep tacit knowledge of letter forms, print conventions, and print literary modes. In their specificity and lack of portability such works are reminiscent of digital art works, although in their emphasis on literary texts and narrative constructions, they can easily be seen as a species of electronic literature.
Such moves resemble the operation of literary metaphor, although here the commonality is routed not through verbal comparison of two objects but rather functional similarities combined with the player characters actions a kind of embodied metaphor, if you will. Proposing variations on gérard genettes narratological categories, eskelinen demonstrates, through a wide variety of ingenious suggestions for narrative possibilities that differ in temporal availability, intertextuality, linking structures, etc. To avoid the implication that first-generation works are somehow superseded by later aesthetics, it may be more appropriate to call the early works classical, analogous to the periodization of early films.
By implication, such works also reference the complex hybridization now underway between human cognition and the very different and yet interlinked cognitions of intelligent machines, a condition that talan memmott has brilliantly evoked in the conjunction of language with code has stimulated experiments in the formation and collaboration of different kinds of languages. As aarseth astutely observed, the vaulted freedom supposedly bestowed by interactivity is a purely ideological term, projecting an unfocused fantasy rather than a concept of any analytical substance (51). Burroughs and his partner in crime, brion gysin, wrote extensively about the technique and philosophy of the cut-up that burroughs pioneered in , among other works.
Still others who think of themselves as primarily graphic artists and programmers write texts to incorporate into their works i would put jason nelsons playful and imaginative net art into this category, including his haunting ) still others who come to digital media from backgrounds as print writers, such as m. From a critical point of view, works that appear in both print and electronic instantiations, such as stephanie stricklands innovative poetry book , programmed in director in collaboration with cynthia lawson, illustrate that when a work is reconceived to take advantage of the behavioral, visual, andor sonic capabilities of the web, the result is not just a web version but an entirely different artistic production that should be evaluated in its own terms with a critical approach fully attentive to the specificity of the medium. Readers with only a slight familiarity with the field, however, will probably identify it first with hypertext fiction characterized by linking structures, such as michael joyces ).
In the second edition of , bolter incorporates insights from the important work he co-authored with richard grusin, , which posits and extensively illustrates the recursive dynamic between immediacy and hypermediation in new media. Whereas forensic materiality is grounded in the physical properties of the hardware how the computer writes and reads bit patterns, which in turn correlate to voltage differences formal materiality consists of the procedural friction or perceived difference. This dimension of randomized electronic works makes them distinctively different from print works associated with algorithmic operations.
One problem with identifying the hyperlink as electronic literatures distinguishing characteristic was that print texts had long also employed analogous technology in such apparati as footnotes, endnotes, cross-reference, and so on, undermining the claim that the technology was completely novel. With her usual acuity, she accurately diagnoses both sides of the question. I am pleased to acknowledge assistance from the electronic literature organization in the preparation and dissemination of this document. Naming such works instruments implies that one can learn to play them, gaining expertise as experience yields an intuitive understanding of how the algorithm works. Her electronic literature primer is a wide-ranging essay that takes the pulse of the e-literature field at this particular moment, reminding us that literature has always been a contested category.
Mass Media| Essay And Paragraph
Introduction: Present age is called the age of information. And mass media are the powerful and the most effective instruments of spreading or sharing information. With the advancement of digital technology, mass media have become a powerful.
Electronic Media Essay
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Electronic Media Essay
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Short essay on the influence of Media on our Society
The authors pitch their respective approaches to different audiences each seems to have a different sense of what needs to be done first critique digital literary works (hayles) or define the conditions for the emergence of possible digital literary works (tabbi). Waber comments that i think the word and the letter have been three dimensional in many ways for a very long time. In this sense electronic literature is a hopeful monster (as geneticists call adaptive mutations) composed of parts taken from diverse traditions that may not always fit neatly together. Various formats of programmes like talk show, street show, documentary, live reporting, video articles, editorials on different local and global issues are broadcast and published. In any construction of periods, there will always be areas of overlap and remediation, but it nevertheless seems clear that a major shift took place around 1995.
Realizing this broader possibility requires that we understand electronic literature not only as an artistic practice (though it is that, of course), but also as a site for negotiations between diverse constituencies and different kinds of expertise. One problem with identifying the hyperlink as electronic literatures distinguishing characteristic was that print texts had long also employed analogous technology in such apparati as footnotes, endnotes, cross-reference, and so on, undermining the claim that the technology was completely novel. The deepest and most provocative for electronic literature is the fifth principle of transcoding, by which manovich means the importation of ideas, artifacts, and presuppositions from the cultural layer to the computer layer (46). This development could potentially be used not only to create but also to view cave works. Her electronic literature primer is a wide-ranging essay that takes the pulse of the e-literature field at this particular moment, reminding us that literature has always been a contested category.
Katherine hayles opens the aperture more widely and the angle differs slightly as well. Compared to the flexibility offered by the codex, which offers the reader complete freedom to skip around, go backwards as well as forwards, and open the book wherever she pleases, the looping structures of electronic hypertexts and the resulting repetition forced on the readeruser make these works by comparison more rather than less coercive. A longer narrative sequence, imaged as a plane undulating in space, can be manipulated by clicking and dragging. Critics and scholars of digital art and literature should therefore properly consider the source code to be part of the work, a position underscored by authors who embed in the code information or interpretive comments crucial to understanding the work. Other works using algorithmic procedures in print media include raymond queneaus brian kim stefans implicitly references this tradition when he published his computer poem stops and rebels in his print collection of essays, ) in these annotations, which amount to a hyperlinked essay, he meditates on the conjunction of human and machine cognition. But if the power in mishandled or misused for any vested-interest by any quarter or by nay propaganda party then it can causes great harm, anarchy and confusion in society and in state. The demon, he notes, is involved in a two-way collaboration between the programmer who works with the limitations and possibilities of a computer language to create the program, and between the user and the computer when the computer poem is read and interpreted. I am pleased to acknowledge assistance from the electronic literature organization in the preparation and dissemination of this document. In conflating hypertext with the difficult and productive aporias of deconstructive analysis, these theorists failed to do justice either to the nuanced operations of works performed in electronic media or to the complexities of deconstructive philosophy. The recommendations include preferring open systems to closed systems, choosing community-directed systems over corporate driven systems, adhering to good programming practices by supplying comments and consolidating code, and preferring plain-text to binary formats and cross-platform options to single-system options.Reading or just going through the headlines of the one's favorite newspaper is not only a habit but also second nature with most persons. Unlike the electronic media, especially the television that brings out news and views round the clock and yet half-succeeds to covert the viewers into its fans ...
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Perhaps a more serious problem, however, was the association of the hyperlink with the empowerment of the readeruser. Also involved are technologies, cultural and economic mechanisms, habits and predispositions, networks of producers and consumers, professional societies and their funding possibilities, canons and anthologies designed to promote and facilitate teaching and learning activities, and a host of other factors. Oneil and bill brubakers enacts the visual language of glide, which can be seen and performed as gestures in a dance but cannot be spoken because the semicircular shapes comprising it have no verbal equivalents, only clusters of denotations, functioning in this respect somewhat like ideographic languages Buy now Electronic Media Essay
Stephanie strickland, an award-winning print poet who has created significant work in digital media, has a keen sense both of literary tradition and of how criticism needs to change to accommodate digital media. Asked to respond to a theoretically dense piece by rachel blau duplessis, stefans liberated the words from their original context by alphabetizing them and parsing them into 36 groups. Katherine hayles, making language and code, (kingston ny deep listening publications, 2003), a print novel that gives the backstory of the development, politics, and cultural significance of the glide language. Even where multiple reading pathways exist, many interactive works still guide the user to a clear sense of conclusion and resolution, such as deena larsens Electronic Media Essay Buy now
Kittlers emphasis on the genealogy of technology as a formative force in its own right. Electronic literature, generally considered to exclude print literature that has been digitized, is by contrast digital born, a first-generation digital object created on a computer and (usually) meant to be read on a computer. The term is now so well-established, however, that it seems difficult to change. This essay aims to provide (some of) the context that will open the field of inquiry so that electronic literature can be understood as both partaking of literary tradition and introducing crucial transformations that redefine what literature is. Philippe bootz discusses the web-based literary journal created by l Buy Electronic Media Essay at a discount
Alan sondheim, mez (mary ann breeze), and talan memmott and critics such as florian cramer, rita raley, and matthew fuller, names a linguistic practice in which english (or some other natural language) is hybridized with programming expressions to create a creole evocative for human readers, especially those familiar with the denotations of programming languages. Both collaborations invoke and enact the creative (mis)understandings and (mis)prisings that emerge from the overlaps and disjunctions between humans as meaning-seeking animals and intelligent machines for whom meaning has no meaning. Cayley uses transliteral morphing to juxtapose different translations of chinese poems, comparing and contrasting the discreteness of alphabetic languages with the more analogue forms of chinese morphographic language systems Buy Online Electronic Media Essay
). The literariness (as distinct from the gaming aspect) is instantiated in the works dynamics, which are structured to project the interactor inside the troubled interior world of christian shaw. When he demanded to see it, brother jacob shamefacedly produced a codex, but not one that the antiquarii of this monastery had copied or of any monastery, for this psalter was printed. Even where multiple reading pathways exist, many interactive works still guide the user to a clear sense of conclusion and resolution, such as deena larsens. Bootz also usefully points out that in a european context, hypertext has not been the dominant mode but rather textual generators and animated works, citing particularly the group of writers associated with a Buy Electronic Media Essay Online at a discount
Michael mateas and andrew sterns (2005) has a graphical interface and is programmed in a language they devised called abl (a behavior language) that structures the action into beats. Philippe bootz has powerfully theorized generative texts, along with other varieties of electronic literature, in his functional model that makes clear distinctions between the writers field, the texts field, and the readers field, pointing out several important implications inherent in the separation between these fields, including the fact that electronic literature introduces temporal and logical divisions between the writer and reader different from those enforced by print. Likewise, plain-text formats will remain human-readable while binary formats will not, and cross-platform options increase the availability of works to interested audiences Electronic Media Essay For Sale
To avoid the implication that first-generation works are somehow superseded by later aesthetics, it may be more appropriate to call the early works classical, analogous to the periodization of early films. With these ground-clearing arguments, new opportunities became available to re-think the specificities of print and electronic literature and to explore their commonalities without collapsing one into the other. Uncle roy, delivered over pdas, with participants searching for a postcard hidden at a specific location. Considering the far-reaching influence, concerned authorities should use them for the greater benefit of mankind. The electronic literature organization, whose mission is to promote the writing, publishing, and reading of literature in electronic media, convened a committee headed by noah wardrip-fruin, himself a creator and critic of electronic literature, to come up with a definition appropriate to this new field For Sale Electronic Media Essay
Katherine hayles is largely concerned with defining a field, joseph tabbi is concerned more with defining the possibility and conditions of literatures persistence in digital environments. University of alabama press, forthcoming 2007), takes issue with the first and second generation characterization, arguing that the use of images is a matter of degree rather than an absolute break. With the advancement of digital technology, mass media have become a powerful. Her electronic literature primer is a wide-ranging essay that takes the pulse of the e-literature field at this particular moment, reminding us that literature has always been a contested category. At the same time, these critics also build bridges between digital art, literature and games on the one hand, and traditional critical practice and philosophical writing on the other Sale Electronic Media Essay
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